Singer 31K20 Industrial Treadle 1937

Singer 31K20 Industrial 1937

I mentioned this machine in the previous post.  You can read how the story started here.

Returned Servicemen’s Quilt

After our little side journey to the Repatriation General Hospital Museum, and having seen all the lovely memorabilia, it was established that they did not seem to have any more parts for the machine we had just looked at.  So my daughter and myself wandered back to the little opportunity shop.  The lady at the desk further explained that the sewing machine I was buying had come from the hospital museum.  They had decided for various reasons that the machine was not the kind of item they wanted in the museum.  So they had put it in to the Opportunity shop for sale!

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One gentleman referred to it as a canvas machine.  I was trying to imagine what items would be made from canvass in a hospital.  I was drawing a blank.  Perhaps it was used to make the old-fashioned stretchers!  However, I do know through personal experience, and prior to decentralisation, that most hospitals would have their own sewing room.  This was indeed a place of considerable industry.  Here was where all the nurses uniforms were made.  They would have made the uniforms for other hospital personnel too.  Also doctors coats  and nurses capes and caps, along with a variety of purpose made positioning cushions, linen all kinds of mending repairs and any other items as may have directed by the Sisters in Charge or Matrons of the time.

So maybe this is a piece of hospital history after all…..

So getting back to the machine, the next question is of course, how was I going to get it home?  I thought I could go home and get a screwdriver and at least undo the screws to remove the sewing machine head.  That would reduce the size and weight considerably, as it is quite a lot bigger than a regular machine.  Low and behold I looked at the hinges and they were no longer attached.  By now we had a veritable throng of elderly ladies interested in how we were going to get this machine out.  It was becoming quite comical!  Then one of the ladies, I think she may have been close to eighty and bearing a strong Scottish accent insisted that she would help us lift it into the car.  She was a powerful lady in body, mind and spirit!  So between the gathering force of ladies and with considerable hilarity going on, I lifted out the machine head and took it to the car.  I opened the back of the car and then the three of us managed to get the heavy sewing machine frame and table, into the back of the car with the Scottish lady merrily singing about “Donald Where’s yer Troosers”.

It really was hilarious!

Having got the machine home, now comes the fun part of getting it cleaned up and hopefully sewing.  I did notice in the shop that oddly, the bobbin case was absent, and the was just a lonely bobbin in the spot where the bobbin case should be.

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It really is quite a beast.  The face plate and rear access plate are both black.

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I began in the usual manner of cleaning all the years of greasy dust.

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Followed by a good oiling and polishing of the machine and irons with Sewing Machine oil.

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I used Linseed oil to clean up the timber.  It does a good job of rehydrating, evening out the colour and sealing the timber surfaces.

Here is a rear view.   It shows the extra numbering on the back and how the extension leaves look when they are out.

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After the machine has been cleaned.  I’ve purchased a new belt, as that was perished.  All parts are running as smooth as silk.  I’ve been told it will not be difficult to purchase a new bobbin case as they are still available for industrial machines.

Incidentally, just to get an idea of the size, here it is pictured with an antique White Peerless 3/4 hand crank machine.

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I’m looking forward to seeing how this machine operates and enjoying the large throat space.  This is how she looks after the clean up!  It really is a Black Beauty!

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Thank you to all the contributors from Vintage Sewing Machine and Treadle Quilter’s for their advice prior to purchase!

susies-scraps.com 2016

 

11 thoughts on “Singer 31K20 Industrial Treadle 1937”

  1. Help I have one of these machines and it has decided not to pick up the bottom thread. I have no idea how to fix it. Any suggestions?

    1. Hi Del. What a great machine! How lucky for you. My suggestion is to give it a good clean and oil. Make sure the bobbin race is clean of threads and debris. Then check your needles. I suspect it wont pick up the thread wiout the correct needles. This machine requires these needles to sew.
      Canu: 14:25 1
      NM:100 Size 16
      DBX1 16X231 287 WH 1738(A)
      Good Luck!

  2. Susie, you have an unusual treadle stand that Singer called a “convertible”. They were produced during the early years of electrification, and were designed to be convertible between manual and electric operation. The wooden top on yours is not drilled for the three motor mounting bolts, but it has the 2-piece pitman rod. The little coupling nut just above the foot plate could be quickly undone from the flywheel upper rod, and connected to an upper rod attached to a motor controller of clutch motor. The stand could be bought as a treadle and used until electricity became available, and then easily converted to a power stand. I have one like it that took me nine years to find a replacement coupling nut for it. I now have it set up to treadle my Singer 95-40 and my Singer 20U. My 31-15 that came with my convertible stand is in another industrial treadle.
    You have a very nice treadle there!
    CD in Oklahoma

    1. Dear CD. Thank you so much for sharing this valuable knowledge and taking the time to comment. I really appreciate this!

  3. I just recently found your blog and am loving reading all of it! I’m just getting into Free Motion Quilting on vintage machines. I’m having fun learning (sometimes frustrating, but not giving up).
    I’m wondering what models all of your vintage machines are that you have now? Also, which is your favorite for FMQ? Thanks and keep your wonderful posts coming 😊

    1. Dear Jenny. Thank you for your comments. I’m written posts on all the vintage machines I have, under sewing machines vintage and antique. At present, I free motion quilt on a Singer 201K in a cabinet. It’s electric so it’s pretty fast. I’ve read that many people prefer to quit on a Singer 15, I think in part due to the big vertical bobbin. I’m yet to try it – but looking forward to treadle quilting too – eventually….will post when I do.

  4. Oh Susie this was a wonderful story. What fun you had. This machine looks exactly like one I inherited when I bought a rubber mattress making business on my. Arrival in Queensland in 1970. I knew nothing about manufacturing and covering heavy latex foam (NOT polyurethane foam) mattresses but I could sew!
    The machine was a wonderful, heavy industrial one but unlike yours, it was electric although it still had its treadle. It was an amazing work beast and I do so wish I still had it. It could, and did, sew everything and anything I threw at it provided I was patient and treated it with respect.
    I learned a lot about a lot of things for the years I ran the business and when I sold,it for virtually nothing, the machine went with it. I suspect the new owner never did make any more mattresses or cushions and probably quickly discarded the whole thing, including the wonderful machine.
    On another note, I very much enjoy your postings.

    1. Oh Jan, thank you for sharing this..makes me sad that you no longer have it!!! I know who to come to for advice now!

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